Modular Subtraction Rule Proof

I’ve already presented and proved the rule for modular addition, so for a sense of completeness, but mostly to satisfy my OCD, now I’ll cover the rule for modular subtraction. When doing subtraction in modular arithmetic, the rule is: If we subtract integer from integer and calculate the difference modulo , we get the same answer as if we had subtracted modulo from modulo and then calculated that difference modulo . Like the modular addition rule, this rule can also be expanded to include multiple integers.

Proof

In order to prove that the two sides of the equations are equal to one another, we again redefine and using the quotient remainder theorem: where this means that  where this means that Starting with the left hand side of the equation, we have:  Eliminating multiples of since we are doing leaves us with: The right hand side only requires a simple substitution and we’re done: This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.