hypernym

In the field of linguistics, a hypernym is a word that is in a type-of relationship with a set of other words, a semantic field, whose members, hyponyms, are all subtypes of the hypernym. The relationship, called hypernymy, connects a relatively generic term (the hypernym) to more specific instances of itself (the hyponyms).

In other words:

Y is a hypernym of X if every X is a type of Y.

Consider the set of words car, truck, train, plane, and boat. In a hypernymy relationship these would all be hyponyms for the more generic hypernym transportaion.

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